The Parker B. Francis Fellowship provides research support to clinical and basic scientists embarking on careers in clinical, laboratory or translational science related to Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine at a U.S. or Canadian university or research institution. The ideal candidate is one with evidence of strong aptitude in research and who is in transition from post-doctoral trainee to independent investigator. For Ph.D. or other non-M.D. scientists no more than 7 years beyond completion of their doctoral degree or M.D. scientists no more than 7 years beyond clinical training.