The University of Pennsylvania provides full funding for Ph.D. students in Pharmacology. Most students spend two pre-thesis years in coursework, laboratory rotations, seminars, journal clubs, and related activities. Advisors help students tailor a degree program to their interests and select a focus in several pharmacological fields including pharmacogenetics and cell signaling. All PGG students maintaining satisfactory academic progress receive financial support until they have completed all Ph.D. requirements. This includes a twelve-month stipend of $32,000 plus tuition, fees, and health insurance.