The Matsumae International Foundation’s Research Fellowship Program was created to deal with national egoism and help nations move toward world peace. The fellowship is particularly geared toward enhancing Japan’s foreign relations with other nations and ensuring the preservation of mankind. Fellowships are for 3-6 months of research in Japan with an institution of the fellow’s choosing. Fellows must hold a PhD, be over 49 years old and have an interest in solving major problems facing humanity. Fellows in the fields of science, engineering and medicine will be given first priority.